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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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The remark of the British Prime Minister that " the Allies would
welcome any general rally or fusion of both the Polish Forces, those who
are working with the Western Powers and those who are working with
the Soviet Union/' could only have referred to the Western Powers^ for
the leaders of the Soviet Union had an entirely different conception of
such a e rally or fusion/ From the very first the Soviets had demanded
the complete subordination of the Polish forces. Since they were unable
to dominate the Polish Army created under General Anders in the
U.S.S.R., the Kremlin had compelled this Army to quit Russia and had
then formed their own quasi-Polish troops, and instituted a campaign to
disintegrate the Polish Army in Britain. With the Red Army's approach
to Poland, the Soviets endeavoured to bring about the subordination of
the still independent Home Army and the Underground Authorities.
The violent campaign conducted by the Kremlin in the winter of 1943-445
has already been described, how pressure was brought to bear on the
Polish Government by the Allies regarding this matter, and how the
Polish people finally decided to contact the Red Army, not as foes but
willing to help them as " an Ally of their Allies." Moscow answered this
trust put in hei by exterminating all independent Polish troops the Red
Army encountered on its road. The Soviet Polish forces formed in the
ILS.S.R. were to replace the Polish Home Army.
The Polish detachments giadually repealed themselves and struck at
the rear of the Germans. At first they were welcomed by the Commanders
of the Red troops, who promised help, arms and supplies.
" But at the same time they embarked upon a propaganda campaign
which urged these Polish soldiers to murder their officers who were labelled
as Fascists and German agents/' reported the Government's Delegate from
Warsaw. " Immediately after the cessation of hostilities on the sector of
the front concerned, the attitude of the Soviet authorities changed, The
Polish Commanders with their staffs and front-line officers were arrested
and their soldiers forcibly disarmed and segregated. All those privates
who would not agree to join the Red Army or Berling's Army were sent to
some distant concentration camps."
With the renewal of the Soviet offensive in the North., in the provinces
of Wilno and Nowogrodek, a wave of reprisals followed the advance of
the Red Army. In Wilno,, units of the Polish Home Army had attacked
during the night of July 63 and driven the Germans from a large part of
the town, twelve hours before the Russians moved into the city. The
same action was repeated in Lwow. In both those capitals of Eastern
Poland,, units of the Home Army., together with all the population,, women
and children, had participated in violent street fighting.
In Wilno the Soviet authorities arrested the Polish commanding officers
on July 17 ; in Nowogrodek the officers were arrested on the I9th of the
same month, while the men were disarmed. In Lwow, every officer of